Though everyone has different hair types, hair care across the board should essentially be the same. One way to educate yourself on better hair care is to understand the structure of hair itself.

No matter what the texture of your hair is, whether it be very coarse and curly or very fine and straight, the cycle of hair care is fundamentally the same. Everyone has some texture of hair, though each type is dependent on your heritage and region of the world where you’re from.

It’s first important to understand the structure of each hair on your head: the hair follicle anchors each hair into the skin. The hair bulb forms the base of the hair follicle. Blood vessels nourish the cells in the hair bulb and deliver hormones that modify hair growth and structure at different times of life. This structure of hair is very important when it comes to hair care; remember, hair is just an extension of the skin!

Human hair is made of a tough protein called keratin. Three parts make up the hair shaft: the cuticle, the cortex, and sometimes the medulla. The cuticle is the outermost layer and is made up of flattened cells that overlap like the tiles of a terracotta roof. The cuticle protects the insides of the hair shaft from damage.

All of this may seem complex, but the most important part to healthy hair is good hygiene and nutrition.

Textured hair maintains its heritage while gradually, over time, changing to suit the modern styles of today.